R.S.C.E. Standard No.¬†404 (Not Accepted F.C.I.) Origin:¬†Spain Utilization: In the hunting of rats and mice, which easily grow up in cellars and stables. It can also be used in the hunting of the rabbit and hare and in the evacuation of vermin out of burrows. Classification R.S.C.E.: Group 3 - Terriers Section 1: Large and medium-sized Terriers
Brief historical summary
It is believed that this is the result of matings of little terriers brought by the big English wine and even mining companies, to the South of Spain at the end of 18th and the beginning of 19th centuries, with the rat dogs owned by the sailors and dockers of the Spanish South coast. Dogs without a defined breed, but with a innate predisposition to hunting and killing rats and mice, that were abundant in commercial ports, wine cellars, stores, stables and factories.
The white colour almost uniform with some black and tan spots were chosen to easily be seen in the dark in the mentioned places. At the beginning of 20th century, the breed was more or less defined and this is even reinforced when it receives another blood contribution, this time the Toy Terrier.
Medium size dog, of medium proportions, of more elongated harmonious shape in females. White colour with black spots on a thin and tight skin that allows to perceive an athletic constitution, but light, that makes him surprisingly agile, strong and fast in the hunting of rats, mice and in the confrontation with vermin.
Height at withers/ longitudinal diameter: 1/1, elongated females are accepted. Length of the head/length of the skull: 8/5. Height at withers/length of the head: 5/2.
Behaviour / Temperament
Restless, very expressive and intelligent look, paying constant attention to any noise or movement, emphasizing his tenacity and disposition to hunting rodents at any time. He is able to manage on both his sight and smell to find his preys, on which he flings with extremely coordinated, agile and fast movements. Brave and with temper, more when he is facing bigger enemies (foxes, badgers, etc.). Faithful, happy and nice as partner, with great capacity of adaptation to any environment and place.
Well proportioned, triangular seen from above and in profile. Convergent cranio-facial lines.
Skull: Slightly subconvex.
Stop: Soft, little pronounced.
Straight back of the nose. Rounded and medium nose. Thin and steady lips, forming a deep corner of the lips. Complete and strong teeth, scissor bite. Small eyes, a bit oblique and little protruding. Triangular ears, wide implantation base and medium-high insertion, at the height of the occipital. While alert, folded forwards or in ‚Äúrose-type‚ÄĚ.
Long, cylindrical, strong muscular development and without dewlap.
Compact, but slender and graceful. Little pronounced wither. Straight, long back slightly desceding towards the croup. Short and muscled loin. Short, rounded and lightly inclined croup. Wide and strongly muscled chest. Slightly arched ribs. The line of the belly at the height of the elbow and softly tucked up.
High set, perpendicular to the croup, pricked. Tailless of variable length are born in a very high percentage.
Perfectly vertical, medium thickness and noticeable muscular development.
Short and oblique back, also short arm, forms with the back and angle of approximately 90¬ļ. Long forearm, thin but strong bone. Medium metacarpus (pastern), cylindrical, forming and angle of 35-40¬ļ with the vertical line. Catfeet, very close toes and a bit extended phalanges. Very strong nails and plantar pads.
Very strong and powerful, perfectly vertical and open angles. Long and powerful thigh, forming an open coxal-femoral angle (110¬ļ), which confers a certain verticality. The leg is similar in length as the thigh. Well developed hock joint, dry, with a well defined tendon and open angle (130-150¬ļ). Strong and long metatarsus (rear pastern). The feet are more rounded than the hands and the pads and nails are also similar.
Agile, elegant and coordinated, with great capacity for the turn and the jump.
Thin and very close to the body.
Hair: Very short and dense, uniform in¬†the entire body surface.
Colour: Coat with predominance of pure white and black spots, preferably situated on the head and beginning of the neck, which are complemented in black and tan on the face and two spots over the eyes (four eyes). Tan colour, if together with black is accepted around the tail, perianal region or extremities. Black nose and as dark as possible eyes.
Size and Weight
Weight: 7-8 Kg.
Height at withers: Males: From 37 to 43 cm., being ideal 40 cm. Females: From 35 to 41 cms, being ideal 38 cm. In both sexes it is tolerated one cm more or less of the limit of the size, only if the dog is harmonious and without defects.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree. There are two types:
Rosy nose or with dispigmented spots.
Elongated harmonious shape.
Very short extremities.
Very narrow croup, like a chicken.
Shy and coward character.
Absence of tan colour on the cheeks (four eyes).
Monorquids or cryptorquids.
Uniform white colour coat. Presence of reddish spots without black and with this in areas except the head, the perianal zone and the extremities.
Long, curly or hard hair.
Upper and lower prognathism.
Very long body.
Totally dispigmented nose.
Not scissor bite.
Upright ears, totally pricked.
Hanging or backwards ears.
Presence of rear dewclaws.
Coat with grey, colour of slate, bluish or dalmatian white spots.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.